The Mystery of the Egyptian Pyramids - Solved

Some Personal views and comments on the Egyptian pyramids.

 This probably is because these have an open outer stairway.
          Although this doesn't really change much, it makes everything seem obvious.

So here we are:

The Puzzle of the Pyramids - solved!

This is the idea:

The pyramids
were temples.

The Question:

Where are the unfinished pyramids?

  • A pyramid planned too large and left unfinished would have the tip missing; on the other hand,

  • A pyramid planned too small and later enlarged would, perhaps, be missing part of the outer layer.

Some things should be taken into consideration:

  1. The pyramids of ancient Egypt and the temples of ancient South America are quite similarly built: for both huge blocks of stone were joined without a crack; the difference being that in Egypt the stone blocks had quite a uniform size, while in the earthquake-endangered Andes region they were of different shapes and sizes; this may have been to avoid resonance.

  2. The pyramids of ancient Egypt were burial chambers.

    Inside, in gold-plated sarcophagi, lay the carefully embalmed bodies of her highest priests and kings (in one person).

    But why this effort, if no-one gets to see it?

  3. The pyramids of ancient Egypt have several burial chambers - one above the other. Stairs lead to the upper ones. Stairs. INSIDE a hill of stones...

  4. Burial chambers or -mounds are generally built in a way that the corpse to be honored is covered as evenly as possible with as much material as possible, with stones or earth, and be it only to make life harder for grave robbers and -desecrators.

    In Egypt, though, only the roofed stairs leading to the burial chambers were blocked. With fatal consequences: they were quickly looted by robbers who had found access to the stairs.

  5. Judging from the form of the Egyptian pyramids one has already been able to suspect that they are stone-covered sand hills. After all, sand is plentiful in the vicinity and must not be expensively be quarried, squared and hauled. It would also represent the function of the "mound".

    As examinations have found, the Egyptian pyramids do indeed not consist completely of stone but partly of sand and rubble, which may well have served as a filling between the layers. Only: Which layers?

  6. Corpses are traditionally embalmed if one wants exhibit them, for as long a time as possible and in surroundings as splendid as possible, not hide them under the earth.

    This compares to the embalming of kings and bishops in the Middle Ages and their exposition in church vaults, and Lenin's eternal rest in his mausoleum, where, as in the above mentioned church mausolea during the Middle Ages, an eternal procession of simple people silently filed past, who all physically wanted to see where the personification of that eternal idea which all of them were compelled to follow lay.

    One must offer the people something to worship.

  7. Who knows whether or not the bodies of kings and priests were not also exhibited on those artificial stone hills of ancient South America in the small temple shrines at the top? Indeed, people were even killed there, executed as offerings or for matters of state.

  8. Therefore, these temples were also places of judgment and execution - of course, not for the ordinary chicken-thief, but for people of actual or supposed meaning, robbed, bought or fallen from grace.

    This was an exhibition visible over a long distance, a public execution before an incalculable gawking crowd. Visible over a long distance as everything monumental, in those times when there were no newspapers, books, radio broadcasts or television.

    As has been said above: one must offer the people something to behold, if one wants to hold them together as a people.

  9. Pyramid temples of ancient South America are built one on top of one another like Russian dolls, so that they contain several older, smaller predecessors. One builder triumphed (and perhaps later was exhibited there), over his predecessor, without having to remove him, learned from him, literally built on him, and so produced progress visible for all - until it could go no further.

    Architects, as do architects of state and religion systems, strive for size and height, bigger and higher than anything already in existence. And so the stairs to the top of the temples became longer and longer - and perhaps also steeper. One must also demand something from the people, if they do want to come and see - until finally only few still could and were allowed to come.

  10. Since the pyramid temples of ancient South America are built one upon the other, they contain - well, what? The stairs and chambers of their predecessors.

    The difference to the Egyptian pyramids is that they are hollow and not filled with sand and rubble.

  11. Here it comes now:

    What if the "burial chambers" and stairs of the pyramid temples of ancient Egypt, like the "burial chambers" and stairs of the pyramid temples of ancient South America, weren't IN, but ON the pyramids originally, the former being out laid in gold glistening in the sun (the sun god Ra!) for all to see on a high platform on the outskirts of the dry desert and shown to the people respectfully filing past, still breathless from the stairs (and therefore paying for it this way and that)?

    And at the same time facilitating a breathtaking view of the landscape during the day, and of the stars at night.

    With or without a dry embalmed priest king, maybe, but already with a (guarded) golden sarcophagus? Perhaps while work on the renewed encapsulation of the standing pyramid had already begun down below?


    You never knew when a Pharaoh was going to die.

    He might fall sick, on the battlefield, or prey to murder. How would you synchronize the finishing of a pyramid - a building project of decades, at least - with the point of time of his death? You couldn't. It could be finished before he died; in that case it could have been "open for public", until his time had come. It could be finished after he died; in that case you would have to embalm his body to keep, until it finally was. And embalm it they did...

    These systems were, through the construction time required, projects overreaching generations and for that alone already have a reference to eternity and a communal component. A deeper symbolic connection to the hereafter, to eternity and to one's own short life as well as to one's own greatness or invalidity in view of eternity could hardly have existed.

    What if the construction of the temple pyramids arose from the fact that the respective temple shrine with the mausoleum on top and the priest king embalmed there was built over from below by each respective successor? Temple pyramids then would have been mausolea, and burial chambers former mausolea.

  12. In this case a pyramid, and be it an ancient Egyptian one, would not have been built from the bottom to top with a fixed base plan, but in a way from the inside to the outside with a fixed center.

    The exposition of the corpse could have been carried out while the successor - or oneself, depending on length of life - began to cover the old with a new layer of stones, by laying a new ring around the base, in layer upon layer, spiraling, or perhaps towards both sides from the open stairway on the outside.

    This would not only be a most symbolic act: the old is being buried, but stays visible until the new is in place. It also would facilitate a long and active farewell, with simultaneous admiration and active mourning.

    Then the symbolic roofing of the shrine: what an act! Now the old is visibly buried, and with that the place for the new also becomes visible; not a peak, but a platform even higher than the old, with a new shrine, already with the future sarcophagus of that one which has buried the old and who will be buried again by the new. An eternal circle.

    The king is dead, long live the king!

  13. This would, at the same time, partly answer the question of how the stones were transported to the top; the ramp would be a part of the new wall or rather the new layer. It would also be able to explain how granite, which is too hard to be treated with tools of bronze, could have been worked into the base of an ancient Egyptian pyramid. It is perhaps only in the outer ring.

    Each new layer of a pyramid represents once more the quantity of material of the quantity already consumed, and this approximately in weight as well - this would want to be observed prudently when contemplating to build a new one. There is a technical limit up to which one can venture and an economic one. The tip of a pyramid, as in an iceberg, doesn't amount for so much, depending from where it is supposed to begin.

  14. All in all, the cross-section of an ancient Egyptian temple pyramid, with its stairs and chambers, hardly differs from that of an ancient South American pyramid temple - with the difference, that the pyramid temples of ancient South America, perhaps because of the surrounding mountainous landscape, are built more "airily" and steeper than the ancient Egyptian ones built in the over a long distance flat desert, and, - this makes for the outward impression - are not like these carefully bricked up and sealed to form a definite grave-mound.

    An ancient Egyptian pyramid would then be a deliberately mortared-up temple.

    This also would be a symbolic act that could hardly be more meaningful. The past is buried definitely. Something new is built beside it - or is not.

  15. In this, another understanding of the hereafter is perhaps also expressed; Egypt, in the flat desert, orientates itself more towards the sun, South America, in wooded or rocky mountains, more towards the stars as the way to the gods. Where are the bodies of its priest kings?

  16. By the way: from Southeast Asia to East Africa the tradition of building temples is a bit different - here "negative cities" were carved into rock or enclosed with rock; recognizable by the trait that the main quantity of stone isn't below but above.

   [ Hmm. There could actually be one more "burial chamber" in the tip of the Cheops pyramid, whose outside stairway then may have been covered with load-bearing stone blocks towards the end - just before or during the definite sealing of the pyramid with tapered limestone blocks, and which therefore remained hidden. Could. ]

(Move mouse over animation to see proposed chamber)

Go To Cheops!
View the building of the Egyptian pyramids - animated

Go back
Pyramid temple of ancient South America

Click to enlarge!
Entry to the buried Cheops temple of ancient Egypt

.Remarks 1

Others seem to believe too that there should be a "third chamber" at the top of the great pyramid, albeit for a different reason:

Symbol, Form and Number in Ancient Egypt (and much more)

.Remarks 2

The stones of the walls of South America are held together by I - shaped cast metal clips. This, also, makes them more earthquake-proof.

The stones vaults of gothic cathedrals etc. are also much more than generally known held together by iron traction rods and ring armatures along the straight walls, and by iron chains and iron clips and pins in the domes and arches cast into the stone with molten lead, a kind of anticipation of modern reinforced concrete.

Together with the roof plating and the leaded glazing, enormous quantities of lead (and iron) were contained in the allegedly pure stone buildings (just as like the marble column fragments of ancient Greek temples were held together by concentric rings of bronze pins; they collapsed when robbers chiseled these out).



Click to enlarge!

©  JHR  07/04

revised 09/07


Scene from the computer game "Pharaoh"

View the building of the Egyptian pyramids - animated SWF

[ This page is part oft the "JHR Site of Research-Free Layman's Science" ]

Search for:            
in    the web     my site